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Tags: microprocessor

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SAP-1 ("Simple As Possible")

A simple 8-bit processor. It has a simple instruction set:
  • LDA - 0 - Load RAM data into accumulator
  • ADD - 1 - Add RAM data to accumulator
  • SUB - 2 - Subtract RAM data from accumulator
  • OUT - e - Load accumulator data into output register
  • HLT - f - Stop processing
Credits to the book "Digital Computer Electronics" by Albert Paul Mauvino, where he invented the educational processor.

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CPU Microprocessor

Working CPU with eight 8-bit registers and eleven commands. Instructions in the project, command list below.

Commands:

LDA r - loads value from register r into accumulator
STA r - stores accumulator value in register r
CLR r - clears register r
INC r - increments the value of register r and replaces into r
DEC r - decrements the value of register r and replaces into r
COM r - stores the complement of the value in register r in the accumulator
ADD r - adds value in register r to the accumulator
SUB r - subtracts accumulator value from value in register r, replaces into accumulator
AND r - stores value of (accumulator AND r) in accumulator
IOR r - stores value of (accumulator OR r) in accumulator [inclusive or]
XOR r - stores value of (accumulator XOR r) in accumulator [exclusive or]

*Eight 8-bit registers: r must be a value between 0 and 7 and refers to the address of the register, not its contents*


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Microprocessore a 4 bit


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Microprocessore a 4 bit v2